Category Archives: Uncategorized

Don’t fall into the trap of falsification of evidence while producing Section 65B certificate

Section 65B of Indian Evidence Act requires a certificate to be produced with any Electronic Document submitted as evidence in a Court of law, at the admission stage. The mandatory requirement of Section 65B certificate came into effect on 17th … Continue reading

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Forum Owners when you get a request to remove content… Comply with Section 65

Recently, I had raised an objection about a comment posted by MCX of India limited on the Discussion forum of MyGov.in regarding Bitcoin regulation. The Government had asked for public opinion on the forum which was expected to be used … Continue reading

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A Case of Misreporting creates confusion…in Section 65B

Today livelaw.in flashed a report stating that the  Madurai Bench of the High Court of Madras has reportedly observed that “Primary Evidence of electronic record under Section 62 of Indian Evidence Act would be admissible without compliance of Section 65”. … Continue reading

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What to do if your computer is locked by a ransomware

Leaving the technicalities aside, I have posted a detailed Advisory on what a Common man has to do if his computer is affected by WannaCry or other similar ransomware. This advisory is available at Naavi.org  I am not repeating it … Continue reading

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Evidence Obtained Illegally is also admissible if relevant…

Recently, a question was posed to the undersigned about the acceptability of evidence when there is a challenge that the evidence was obtained through illegal means. Following is my reaction to the query. There have been many occasions in which … Continue reading

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More Clarification on Section 65B Certification… For Forensic Labs

Section 65B Certification of electronic evidence produced in a Court proceeding in India has been a matter of intense discussion in the circle of Forensic experts, Law Enforcement and of course the Legal fraternity. Historically, the undersigned was the first … Continue reading

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The Role of “Notified Digital Evidence Examiners”

 On 2nd January 2017, the Government of India came out with a notification under Section 79A of ITA 2008 on a pilot scheme for notification of organizations under Section 79A as “Digital Evidence Examiners”. Since then some news papers are … Continue reading

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Basheer Case Judgement and Section 65B of Indian Evidence Act…Cyber Jurisprudence develops

 Information Technology Act 2000 (ITA 2000) came into effect on 17th October 2000. Subsequently, the substantially amended version of the Act viz ITA 2008 came into effect on 27th October 2009. Despite the long elapse of time since these versions … Continue reading

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Clarification on Section 65B… Who should sign the Certificate?

 Section 65B of Indian Evidence Act (IEA)is one of the hot topics discussed in Techno Legal Circles today. Though Naavi has clarified his view on the section many times on this site and in workshops and conferences, there are continued … Continue reading

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Section 65B of Indian Evidence Act on Electronic Evidence Explained

Of late, Section 65B of Indian Evidence Act is under focus in the Judicial and Law Enforcement circles. In this context, Naavi has put across his views on the section and how it needs to be understood in the above … Continue reading

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